As organizations continue to adopt IoT technology, ensuring secure access to a private network becomes particularly difficult. Network access control systems, however, protect network data by requiring user authentication and authorization before every request.
These systems also proactively address security breaches, though many also integrate with anti-virus or malware systems that organizations already use.
Network segmentation refers to the act of dividing different parts of a network into separate segments or subnets. This is done either physically or technologically, usually as part of a network access control system that limits who can access what parts of the network.
Once organizations have identified subnetworks, they establish virtual fences around them using a variety of techniques, including VLANs, SDNs, and firewalls.
A large proportion of data breaches come from authorized network users. Since they have network privileges, however, this type of cybersecurity threat is extremely difficult to address. Insider threat detection comprises the methods and technologies that organizations use to identify and mitigate these insider threats.
There are various types of insider threats, not all intentional or malicious. Pawns, for example, are simply victims of phishing or other social engineering traps while Goofs lost confidential data due to ignorant or arrogant flaunting of security policies. The malicious types of insider threats come from Collaborators and Lone Wolves, who are rarely encountered.
MFA stands for multi-factor authentication. It refers to the use of more than one means of identification to access a secure software system. Usually, MFA security uses a combination of traditional security measures, like keycards and passwords, and biometric measures, like retinal scans.
A subset of MFA security, which uses two, three, or more authentication measures, 2FA security uses two.
A cybersecurity posture is essentially the total procedures, policies, and services that an organization uses to defend itself from cyber attack. Companies evaluate their security risk then develop policies, employee training procedures, and, if they have the resources, malware, virus, and other threat detection services, focusing on their most vulnerable assets.
In short, a cybersecurity posture describes an organization’s cyber threat readiness and identifies areas where this readiness can be improved.