AI has been used to improve supply chain and demand forecasting for a couple of decades. Demand planning applications use data driven algorithms to take historical data and use it to forecast. Demand forecasting can include promotion planning or stock and sales forecasting. The machine looks at the forecast, compares it to actual shipments, and suggests alternatives and optimization options. Over time, many companies started doing more specific forecasting for specific regions, products or stores or for more granular points in time. Both retailers and their suppliers (CPG companies or 3rd party shipping and supply chain companies) use their data to help conduct automated decision making within the supply chain.
Banks, credit unions, credit card companies, insurance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, and more must report their activities to government regulatory agencies. Following financial crises in the late 2000s, regulatory compliance has become stricter and more onerous on financial services companies like those listed above.
From the stricter need for reporting and the massive amounts of data generated by financial institutions, the regtech industry has sprung up, combining regulatory reporting and big data technology.