The process of economic forecasting is at heart the process of attempting to predict the future of an economy. Generally this refers to the economy of a country, but it may also refer to municipalities within a state.
Property value and mortgage value assessment is the estimation of the future value of a particular asset for purchase, insurance, and more.
Unlike most other purchases, real estate tends to rise in value over time. This rise is influenced by economic and social trends, environmental conditions, and on governmental controls and regulations. These large-scale trends directly affect the general demand for property ownership, the scarcity of property for purchase, the utility of the property for potential owners, and the ease at which property rights can be transferred.