A cybersecurity posture is essentially the total procedures, policies, and services that an organization uses to defend itself from cyber attack. Companies evaluate their security risk then develop policies, employee training procedures, and, if they have the resources, malware, virus, and other threat detection services, focusing on their most vulnerable assets.
In short, a cybersecurity posture describes an organization’s cyber threat readiness and identifies areas where this readiness can be improved.
A large proportion of data breaches come from authorized network users. Since they have network privileges, however, this type of cybersecurity threat is extremely difficult to address. Insider threat detection comprises the methods and technologies that organizations use to identify and mitigate these insider threats.
There are various types of insider threats, not all intentional or malicious. Pawns, for example, are simply victims of phishing or other social engineering traps while Goofs lost confidential data due to ignorant or arrogant flaunting of security policies. The malicious types of insider threats come from Collaborators and Lone Wolves, who are rarely encountered.
As organizations continue to adopt IoT technology, ensuring secure access to a private network becomes particularly difficult. Network access control systems, however, protect network data by requiring user authentication and authorization before every request.
These systems also proactively address security breaches, though many also integrate with anti-virus or malware systems that organizations already use.