Smart factory technology allows factory sensors to communicate with each other, with employee mobile devices, and with management's software platform. This enables employees to monitor equipment 24/7 and receive immediate alerts whenever there is a problem. The technology also enables the equipment itself to automatically adjust operations in order to keep the factory running smoothly.
Network segmentation refers to the act of dividing different parts of a network into separate segments or subnets. This is done either physically or technologically, usually as part of a network access control system that limits who can access what parts of the network.
Once organizations have identified subnetworks, they establish virtual fences around them using a variety of techniques, including VLANs, SDNs, and firewalls.