Targeted marketing is a marketing strategy which identifies an audience that is most likely to buy a product or service and subsequently creates a marketing campaign designed specifically to advertise said product or service to the target audience, using advertisements and promotional messages. This allows different companies to hone in on certain market segments, creating a "specialty" and possibly lowering competition with similar companies.
Behavioral targeting is the process of marketing to people who are most likely to use your products or services based on their demonstrated behavior. This behavior may be online (for example, keywords searched, websites visited) or offline (location tracking data, for example).
Most if not all companies and organizations seek to establish themselves in social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram in addition to their official website. Online and social media performance tracking is meant to analyze the effectiveness of a company's social media presence. Are they generating new leads? Are they promoting brand awareness? These questions are important to assess the efficiency of the use of these social media platforms.