Every device that accesses the internet must have an Internet Protocol to communicate with any other device. IP data is all the information about these devices—and, by extension, their users.
Routers assign IP addresses to devices. They assign these IPs to devices based on either interior or exterior gateway protocols. Or, in other words, whether the device needs to communicate with a small set of devices only (such as computers within an office) or whether the device needs to communicate with a wider audience.
IP data is delivered in API form. In addition to the string of numbers that is the IP address itself, this data contains geographic information, including latitude and longitude. And while different parts of the world provide more accurate geographical information, the IP often places users accurately down to the city.
Finally, and crucially, this data provides an estimate of the threat level represented by an IP. It does this by gauging whether an IP address is a proxy, a tor node, or a known attacker.
Companies use this data in two main ways. First, marketers use it to advertise to specific populations, whether by showing ads in the native language or by showing content that their market research indicates would most likely appeal to a certain country or region. Second, companies personalize their websites for certain IPs. For example, they show prices in the local currency or show a countdown to the end of a promotion in the local time zone.
Another important use of IP address data is fraud detection. No matter the type of business or public service provided, identifying attackers or hostile parties is never-ending work but IP identification is a crucial part of the work.
One of the best tests for this data is checking the address in your database against the device’s verified location.
Another important test of your IP database is the constant measurement of the speed of its updates. Delays in routing speeds, even seconds to a database’s typical milliseconds can indicate corruption of the data.
But extending the internet to space isn’t just a matter of installing Wi-Fi on rockets. Scientists have novel obstacles to contend with: The distances involved are astronomical, and planets move around, potentially blocking signals. Anyone on Earth who wants to send a message to someone or something on another planet must contend with often-disrupted communication paths.
eXTReMe IP Lookup IP Location identifies the specific geolocation information for specific IP addresses in JSON, CSV, and JSONP formats
DP IP’s IP Geolocation Database provides IPv4 and IPv6 address spaces that include more than 2 million unique locations in 215,000+ cities worldwide.
Factual Observation Graph provides customer online behavior and location data from billions of mobile devices so that companies can improve their customer service, product promotions, and marketing campaigns, and more.