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What Is Judicial Data?

Judicial data refers to information about cases, legislations and records, judges, courts, and court services.

Where Does Judicial Data Come From?

Nearly all of this data comes from the courts themselves. However, other sources include law schools and judicial watchdog organizations.

What Types of Columns/Attributes Should I Expect When Working with This Data?

The main source of this data are the texts of court decisions which, unfortunately, can be difficult to quantify into tables or graphs.

Other data include the court type and jurisdiction, the presiding judge, and the date of case publication. Data about judges themselves include not only appointment, elevation, and retirement but also caseload and compensation. Additional data include court services, including jury service, fees collection, interpreters hired or used, and so on.

Finally, both courts and watchdogs report on expenditures, warrants issued, and compliance with legislations—for example, the Dodd-Frank Act.

What Is This Data Used For?

Records of judicial decisions, appointments, services, and revenues are crucial to the proper function of courts. It also forms the basis of citizen’s trust in the courts.

The data can also make it easier to support other processes, such as streamlining the construction of property by making property registration and land-use dispute data easier to access.

How Should I Test the Quality of Judicial Data?

Judicial and court data from law schools and courts may be considered accurate, complete, relevant, and consistent in themselves. However, creating a unique dataset takes careful reading and cleansing of the information from the compiler.

Interesting Case Studies and Blogs to Look Into

US Courts: Statistics & Reports
Council of Europe: Dynamic database of European judicial systems

Tangible Examples of Impact

In a step towards bettering India’s ranking on World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index, the government has decided to link property registration with the National Judicial Data Grid (NJDG). This will not only bring more transparency in land-related disputes but also help in fast-tracking commercial cases.

Times of India: Property registration to be linked to national judicial data grid, boost ease of doing business

Connected Datasets

General government total expenditure on law courts


The indicator measures the general government total expenditure on law courts according to the classification of the functions of government (COFOG). This includes expenditure on administration, operation or support of civil and criminal law courts and the judicial system, including enforcement of fines and legal settlements imposed by the courts and operation of parole and probation systems; legal representation and advice on behalf of government or on behalf of others provided by government in cash or in services. Law courts include administrative tribunals, ombudsmen and the like, and exclude prison administrations. In computing the per capita indicator, the average National Accounts (NA) population data of the reference year is used as denominator (calculated as the arithmetic mean of the population on 1st January of two

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UniCourt Legal Data API

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