This is the collection of data about natural disasters of all kinds: earthquakes, wildfires, floods, hurricanes, etc. Human-caused disasters that affect the environment, such as chemical spills or gas leaks also count toward natural disaster data.
Sensors, satellites, and observation posts collect most of the natural disaster data. However, social networking sites are also important sources of natural disaster data as people in these disaster-stricken areas post about their situations in real time.
Columns in natural disaster datasets include type of disaster, location, loss of life, property damage, and year.
Governments and international organizations use this data to plan and implement disaster relief programs. They also work with individuals and communities like churches and schools to educate people about how to prepare for and survive disasters.
Other users of this data include insurance companies, city planners, architects, and more. Even social media companies use this data; people stuck in natural disasters use their platforms to reach out for help or to let their loved ones know they are alive.
The most important aspect of natural disaster data collection is the quality of the sensors that collect the data. To that end, perform regular checks on the sensors that record the data to make sure they are in peak condition. You can also check that the sensors are working by checking there are no missing data points as this may indicate a technical problem.
Most datasets, however, are of good quality as they are maintained by government bodies who are responsible for the outcomes of any flawed data. There are also numerous open-source datasets as well, with active communities that analyze the data which you can join.
For natural disaster data specifically, be sure that that data sensors are reliable and in good condition. Beyond this, there remains a wide range of data collection methods and tools. However, the main principles of data quality remain the same: accuracy, relevancy, completeness, timeliness, and consistency.
Andrew Forrest’s philanthropic Minderoo Foundation believes that within five years technology will make it possible to detect and snuff out any potentially dangerous bushfire within one hour of it starting.
The Fund for Peace’s Data for Peace uses data science to forecast and mitigate—if not prevent—major conflict.
National Weather Service Data includes historical, current, and projected weather data. These include the expected forecasts and natural disaster alerts but also more unusual data like UV, space weather, and marine data. Users can search for data via topic, state, or territory. The Service also provides educational resources on all topics.
The Dark Sky iOS App provides detailed weather forecasts, advanced maps, and notifications and weather alerts for all users